My research focuses on late-medieval British literature and culture. Much of my work centers on war: how poets respond to the experience of war; how political theorists create international frameworks for the law of war; and how historians record the events of war. I am also interested in the construction of nations: how the meaning of names like ‘England,’ ‘Scotland,’ and ‘Britain,’ change over time.

I hold an M.A. (Hons) in English Literature from the University of Edinburgh and M.A. in English from the University of Pennsylvania, where I will receive my Ph.D. in 2021.



“Forms of Writing, Forms of War: England, Scotland, France c.1300-1450.”

“Forms of Writing, Forms of War” examines the relationship between war, empire, and nation in late-medieval literature. Specifically, it focuses on the sprawling series of conflicts now known as the Hundred Years War.  Across five chapters, it analyzes how writers experimented with literary form to represent contemporary war. Mediation, a word that first enters the English language in the late-fourteenth century, emerges as a central topic of political, aesthetic, and diplomatic concern for writers responding to war: how text technologies, mediate war, how warfare mediates the relationship between individuals and social structures, and how diplomatic actors mediate between warring partners. Bringing the diplomatic and aesthetic senses of mediation together, the project establishes an account of the relationship between political and literary negotiation in late-medieval literature. While scholars of later periods have explored how literature mediates the contradictions of English imperialism, “Forms of Writing, Forms of War” contributes to a premodern perspective to this broader intellectual project by revealing the literary forms of war that underwrite literary communities before the nation-state.

Book Projects

The Hundred Years War and European Literary History, co-edited with R.D. Perry (University of Denver). Under contract with Manchester University Press.

This edited collection expands the conventional Anglo-French framing of the Hundred Years War by delineating the conflict’s European theatre of war. Our contributors combine new approaches to canonical writers including Oswald von Wolkenstein and Alain Chartier with studies of lesser-known figures and genres not usually linked to war, such as women’s visionary writing.